Why Cities Must Get Smart About IoT
March 28, 2018
Predictions about the emergence of “smarter” cities are gaining momentum in popular conversation. Envision a network of city sensors that captures data to better optimize processes and react to events. These sensors identify things like potholes, air quality, traffic patterns, water leaks, and a whole host of other municipal issues.
The end result is a better living experience for city residents – but that’s not the only driver: businesses have generated a plethora of ideas to compete for municipal budgets, and cities see the opportunity to gain efficiencies and further stretch precious tax dollars. Together, they are working to create the city of the future.
What’s driving cities into IoT?
Building smarter cities meets a lot of critical requirements for civic leaders.
Smart cities enable them to:
- Identify, quantify, and remove operational overhead;
- Improve the safety and happiness of citizens; and
- Increase the population and tax base.
Embracing IoT, however, isn’t just about making life better for citizens. Rather, It opens up new opportunities for cities to gather, process, and act upon events happening locally.
Once cities start ingesting data in a “smart” way, they can continuously improve city-operations and extract more from their budgets – delivering greater value to citizens.
More importantly, that virtuous cycle of improvement accelerates growth in forward-thinking cities. By optimizing processes and increasing citizen satisfaction, smart cities are transforming themselves into the ideal location for exactly what they need most: more tax-paying, technologically-savvy citizens.
We see it happening already, as technology hubs entice more residents each year versus their counterparts that fail to innovate. Smart cities can enable ecosystems, entice technology pioneers, and provide gravitational pull for diverse arts and ethnic communities.
A better approach
Municipalities that take a proactive approach to IoT are learning sophisticated adoption techniques and the resulting benefits. They view IoT as an enabling technology, rather than just deployed and managed software. Cities are beginning to treat IoT like a utility – a service that should be provided to all citizens.
Take electricity: rather than installing lights in homes, the city simply provides an agreed-upon voltage and wattage to each dwelling. The city’s electrical grid provides a standard power supply for refrigerators, televisions, and hot clean water. This standard and the supporting base infrastructure enable healthier citizens, greater productivity, and the availability of new lifestyles – with zero municipal implementation required.
Cities can take this same approach with IoT by ensuring that core city services are available for connection and integration. Providing an IoT platform to citizens means they can build their own IoT solutions connected to municipal infrastructure. Budding entrepreneurs can find ways to optimize traffic and parking, while established property management companies can support more safely monitored homes and businesses.
Basic qualities like data availability, integration to city management functions, and access to artificial intelligence empowers residents as agents for change. Cities will now be able to meter residents’ activities individually. This innovation will allow municipalities to generate revenue in ways they never imagined.
An IoT City Vision
Picture a city that provides enabling technologies to citizens through a variety of vendors. LPWAN providers, IoT software providers, cloud vendors, and many more will work together with civic leaders and citizens to achieve common goals.
Cities looking to future-proof themselves will choose integrations over open standards operating across many clouds and using any hardware – all with the ability to easily migrate to new providers in the future. These technologies will improve the lives of residents and give local companies a competitive advantage.
Cities have a unique opportunity now to skip the temporary solution phase of IoT and jump directly into empowering citizens to change communities for the better.